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Butterfly on a leaf

The diversity of Vienna’s flora and fauna

The Vienna Woods Biosphere Reserve, the Lainz Game Preserve and the Lobau - part of the Donau-Auen National Park - offer a unique habitat for many animals and plants. Yet the green city center, numerous communal gardens, landscaped house walls and roof terraces as well as around 27,000 allotments also contribute to Vienna's impressive array of species. Here are a few key figures:

  • 135 protected species of butterfly
  • 320 nesting sites for kestrels
  • 20 species of bat (out of a total of 28 species across Austria)
  • 200 beavers in the Lobau
  • 19 species of fish in the Old Danube.

In addition, around 600 beekeepers are active in Vienna. Perhaps the best-known beehives are situated on the roofs of the Vienna State Opera, the Burgtheater and the Old General Hospital. Schönbrunn Zoo, the oldest zoo in the world, is concerned with humane animal keeping: the complicated natural breeding of the threatened panda bear has been successful here three times, with Fu Long (2009), Fu Hu (2010) and Fu Bao (2013). And the Schönbrunn Palm House contains an example of the "Wollemia nobilis", one of the rarest and oldest species of tree in the world, with a history going back 200 million years. Vienna is therefore in possession of the oldest example in Europe.

Events Tips:

Biosphärenpark-Infopoint Wien Mauer

Anton-Krieger-Gasse/Kalksburger Straße, 1230 Wien

Lainz Game Preserve

Lainzer Tor, Hermesstraße, 1130 Wien

National Park House Vienna-Lobau

Dechantweg 8, 1220 Wien
  • Opening times

    • 01.Sep.2010 to 26.Oct.2010
      Wednesday - Sunday 10 a.m. - 6 p.m.

Schönbrunn Zoo (Tiergarten Schönbrunn)

Eingang über Hietzinger Tor/Hietzinger Hauptstraße, 1130 Wien
  • Prices

  • Opening times

    • January
      Daily 9 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.
    • February
      Daily 9 a.m. to 5 p.m.
    • March
      Daily 9 a.m. to 5:30 p.m.
    • April to September
      Daily 9 a.m. to 6:30 p.m.
    • October to the end of October
      Daily 9 a.m. to 5:30 p.m.
    • November to December
      Daily 9 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.
  • Accessibility

    • Main entrance
      • no steps (Swinging doors )
    • Car parks Main entrance
      • Parking spaces for people with disabilities
        at Elisabethallee, entrance Tirolerhof
    • Further information
      • Seeing eye dogs allowed
      • Wheelchair accessible restroom available.
    • Special offers for people with disabilities

      Tours for visitors with disabilities and special needs on request.

    • Comments

      Access to buildings and enclosures without steps or via ramp.

Palm House (Palmenhaus) in Schönbrunn Palace Gardens, entrance at Hietzinger Tor

Schlosspark Schönbrunn, 1130 Wien
  • Prices

  • Opening times

    • May to September
      Daily 9:30 a.m. to 6 p.m.
    • October to April
      Daily 9:30 a.m. to 5 p.m.
  • Accessibility

    • Main entrance
      • 1 Steps (Swinging doors   110  cm  wide )
      • Ramp 110  cm  long , 18  cm  high
    • Further information
      • Seeing eye dogs allowed
    • Special offers for people with disabilities

      Tours for visitors with special needs on request (groups of more than 10).

    • Comments

      Floor quite moist in some places. Admission for escort free in some cases.

Am Himmel

Himmelstraße/Ecke Höhenstraße, 1190 Wien
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