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Botanical Garden
© WienTourismus/Gregor Hofbauer

The diversity of Vienna’s flora and fauna

The Vienna Woods Biosphere Reserve, the Lainz Game Preserve and the Lobau - part of the Donau-Auen National Park - offer a unique habitat for many animals and plants. Yet the green city center and parks, numerous communal gardens, landscaped house walls and roof terraces as well as around 27,000 allotments also contribute to Vienna's impressive array of species. Here are a few key figures:

  • 135 protected species of butterfly
  • 320 nesting sites for kestrels
  • 20 species of bat (out of a total of 28 species across Austria)
  • 200 beavers in the Lobau
  • 19 species of fish in the Old Danube.
  • 2,400 types of plant
  • 450 types of wild bee

In addition, around 600 beekeepers are active in Vienna. Bees love Vienna and even live on the roofs of the Vienna State Opera and the Naturhistorisches Museum Vienna. Schönbrunn Zoo, the oldest zoo in the world, is concerned with humane animal keeping: every year, many young animals are born and thus contribute to the goal of species conservation. And the Schönbrunn Palm House contains an example of the "Wollemia nobilis", one of the rarest and oldest species of tree in the world, with a history going back 200 million years.

It's hard to believe, but even the Central Cemetery has formed its own ecosystem: deer, hedgehogs, and foxes use the seclusion and extensive area as a habitat.

Event tips:


Biosphärenpark-Infopoint Wien Mauer

Anton-Krieger-Gasse/Kalksburger Straße
1230 Wien

Lainz Game Preserve

Lainzer Tor, Hermesstraße
1130 Vienna

National Park House Vienna-Lobau

Dechantweg 8
1220 Vienna
  • Comments

    • Bus 92B from U2/Donaustadtbrücke (Raffineriestrasse/Biberhaufenweg), 93A from U1/Kagran or U2/Donaustadtbrücke (Naufahrtbrücke)

  • Opening times

    • 1 September to 26 October
      Wednesday - Sunday 10 a.m. - 6 p.m.

Schönbrunn Zoo Entrance via Hietzinger Tor/Hietzinger Hauptstraße

Schönbrunner Schlosspark
1130 Vienna
  • Vienna City Card

    • Your benefit with the Vienna City Card: -16%

      Additional information on the offer: Standard ticket price: 21,5€

  • Opening times

    • daily, 09:00 - 17:30
  • Accessibility

    • Main entrance
      • no steps (Schwingtüre )
    • Car parks Main entrance
      • Parking spaces for people with disabilities
        at Elisabethallee, entrance Tirolerhof
    • Further information
      • Seeing eye dogs allowed
      • Wheelchair accessible restroom available.
    • Special offers for people with disabilities

      Tours for visitors with disabilities and special needs on request.

    • Comments

      Access to buildings and enclosures without steps or via ramp.

Palm House (Palmenhaus) in Schönbrunn Palace Gardens, entrance at Hietzinger Tor

Schlosspark Schönbrunn
1130 Vienna
  • Vienna City Card

    • Your benefit with the Vienna City Card: -14%

      Additional information on the offer: Standard ticket price: 7€

  • Opening times

    • daily, 09:30 - 17:00
  • Accessibility

    • Main entrance
      • 1 Steps (Schwingtüre 110 cm wide)
      • Ramp 110 cm long , 18 cm high
    • Further information
      • Seeing eye dogs allowed
    • Special offers for people with disabilities

      Tours for visitors with special needs on request (groups of more than 10).

    • Comments

      Floor quite moist in some places. Admission for escort free in some cases.

Am Himmel

Himmelstraße/Ecke Höhenstraße
1190 Wien

The Butterfly House (Schmetterlinghaus)

Burggarten/Palmenhaus
1010 Vienna
  • Vienna City Card

    • Your benefit with the Vienna City Card: -14%

      Additional information on the offer: Standard ticket price: 7€

  • Opening times

    • daily, 10:00 - 15:45
  • Accessibility

    • Main entrance
      • no steps (93 cm wide)
    • Further information
      • Seeing eye dogs allowed
      • Wheelchair accessible restroom available.

Central Cemetery (Zentralfriedhof)

Simmeringer Hauptstraße 234
1110 Vienna
  • Opening times

    • daily, 07:00 - 18:00
  • Accessibility

    • Further information
      • Seeing eye dogs allowed
      • Wheelchair accessible restroom available.
    • Comments

      Honorary tombs: Main Entrance (2nd Gate, access by car possible on the blue paths), free with ID. One can apply for the access card at the Infopoint (2nd Gate). Wheelchair-accessible restroom accessible with "Euro-Key" near Hall 3, in the cemetery church and at the cemetery office (ramp), gravel paths.

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